ISSN 1895-4316
Tuesday, 20.08.2019
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PHiE 2019, 100(2)

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Probl Hig Epidemiol 2019, 100(1): 30-35pl

Analysis of Lyme disease cases recorded in Poland´s Kuyavian-Pomeranian Province in 2018


Jerzy Kasprzak 1/, Aleksandra Brochocka 1/, Aneta Klimberg 2/

1/ Wojewódzka Stacja Sanitarno-Epidemiologiczna w Bydgoszczy
2/ Katedra Higieny i Epidemiologii, Wydział Lekarski i Nauk o Zdrowiu, Uniwersytet Zielonogórski

Summary
Introduction. Lyme disease is the most common tick-transmitted disease in Poland. The etiologic agent of Lyme disease is the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. It is a chronic disease with a complex pathogenesis, and its clinical picture is very diverse, depending on the form and advancement of multi-organ changes.
Aim. Analysis of cases of Lyme borreliosis recorded in 2018 in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Province as compared with previous years, taking into account the area where exposure occurred, the place of it being reported and a classification of cases and forms of the disease.
Materials & method. An analysis of the epidemiological documentation of cases of Lyme disease reported at county sanitary and epidemiological stations of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Province in 2018.
Results. In 2018, there was a decrease in the incidence of Lyme disease in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Province. A total 368 cases were recorded. The incidence for the province was 17.69/100,000 inhabitants.
Conclusion. Despite the decrease in the number of recorded cases in the analyzed province, the upward trend in Lyme disease cases nationwide means that no case of contact with ticks should be underestimated, nor any of the disturbing symptoms that may indicate infection with Borrelia spirochetes.

Key words:  Lyme disease, ticks, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Province