ISSN 1895-4316
Tuesday, 20.08.2019
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PHiE 2019, 100(2)

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Probl Hig Epidemiol 2019, 100(1): 42-49pl

Level of physical fitness and quality of life following a stroke in people of working age

Bożena Kowalczyk 1/, Bożena Zawadzka 2/

1/ Instytut Nauk o Zdrowiu, Podhalańska Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa w Nowym Targu
2/ Zakład Pedagogiki Zdrowia i Kultury Fizycznej, Instytut Pedagogiki i Psychologii, Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach

Introduction. Stroke is a serious public health problem worldwide. In its 2016-2020 program, the Ministry of Health set as its main goal a reduction in the incidence of cerebrovascular diseases in people of working age. In stroke patients of working age with the attendant reduced mobility, a decrease in satisfaction is observed in their subjective assessment of the quality of life.
Aim. To assess the quality of life conditioned by the degree of mobility in people after a stroke depending on the time that has elapsed since the stroke occurred.
Materials & method. The study embraced 279 patients with a first ischemic stroke (243 patients) and haemorrhagic stroke (36 patients) in a period following the stroke: at least 6 months, but not more than 5 years, including the basic stages of rehabilitation. The study used the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire with a standardized scale to assess the quality of life.
Results. The research revealed the existence of a statistically significant connection between the physical, psychological, social and environmental aspects and the degree of motor disability in the various analysed time intervals.
Conclusion. Patients with the least degree of mobility, whose stroke at the time of the study had been no longer than one year earlier, assessed their quality of life the lowest in psychological terms, which unfavourably affected the process of convalescence and thus their quality of life.

Key words:  brain stroke, quality of life, WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire, mobility