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PHiE 2019, 100(2)

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Probl Hig Epidemiol 2019, 100(2): 104-109pl

Evaluation of adaptability among adolescents in a school environment

Julita Poleszak 1/, Przemysław Szabat 1/, Marta Szabat 1/, Magdalena Wójcik 1/, Grzegorz Boreński 1/, Joanna Milanowska 2/

1/ Studenckie Koło Naukowe przy Zakładzie Psychologii Stosowanej, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie
2/ Zakład Psychologii Stosowanej, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie

Introduction. The phenomenon of the adaptation difficulties of a child to the school and student environment is common. This situation can lead to negative self-assessment, difficulties in learning and focusing attention during classes, and even withdrawing from school life.
Aim. Assessment of the adaptation abilities of Polish teenagers in school peer groups based on examples of specific situations.
Material & methods. The research was conducted using a web questionnaire survey in March 2019 in a group of 995 students living throughout Poland.
Results. Almost half of the respondents (48.0%) feel anxious about being in a new social group, 49.0% are afraid of being rejected by their peers, and 42.6% are worried about criticism from other students. However, they take an active attitude in social situations: 55.0% try to relate with new friends, and 54.3% show initiative in social relations. There were statistically significant differences in the answers of respondents depending on gender.
Conclusion. Adaptation of teenagers in the peer group is associated with many fears. However, they usually take an active basis to adapt to social life.

Key words:  adaptation, adolescence, social development, psychological development